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Ginkgo Biloba

ginkgo biloba medicinal herbs for focus and memory

Ginkgo Biloba

Also known as maidenhair, Gingko biloba is an ancient plant that is native to Asia and Africa but also thrives in parts of Europe. Typically, Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) is obtained from the dried leaves of the plant only as the seeds are said to be toxic according to the University Of Maryland Medical Center. Leaves of the gingko tree contain up to 40 active components.  However, the extracts main health benefits due to the presence of two beneficial constituents including flavonoids those give it antioxidant properties and terpenoids. Flavonoids are plant based anti-oxidants.  They protect the various body cells from damage. Terpenoids such as ginkgolides on the hand have a beneficial effect on vascular health as   it dilates blood vessels increasing blood flow thus improving general circulation in the body, especially to the vital organs such as the brain, heart and kidneys. It also counteracts platelet aggregation by making them less sticky.  Some of the biological effects of ginkgo biloba leave extract include the scavenging of free radicals, reducing oxidative stresses, reducing neural damage, reduces platelet aggregation and minimizes inflammation.

The plant extract may create an effective inflammation response hence providing an immunosupportive function. Its ability to improve circulation reinforces the detoxification process and supports its immune function. The flavonoids in the Ginkgo biloba leaf extract inhibit the cyclo-oxygenase and lipooxygenase systems that are involved in the metabolism of arachidonic acid. Besides, the flavonoid component is also said to reduce edema as a result of tissue injury and also protects against capillary fragility.

Ginkgo Biloba extract has a brain boosting effect. It facilitates improved cognitive function and boosts memory by lowering the oxidative stress and improving circulation which has a cerebral enhancing effect. There are various mechanism of action, one of them being the ability to influence the uptake of glucose by brain cells, which further improves nervous transmission which is responsible for the execution of various body processes such as memory. Its vasodilative effect also increases blood flow to the brain.  Its ability to neutralize free radicals also enables it to neutralize any damage to the neurons and brain cells. Therefore GBE has a positive effect on learning and memory processes.

GBE has the ability to boost blood circulation by stimulating both increased peripheral and cerebral flow. It improves circulation by inducing vasodilatation and making the platelets less sticky. It also increases red blood cell deformidability and decreases their aggregation as well. This results in increased red blood cell fluidity and decreases whole blood viscosity. Circulation boosting effects are also beneficial in the maintenance of vision.  The presence of flavonoids that have an antioxidant property as well as the ability to increase blood flow to the eye reduces complication of the retina that often results to macular degeneration. Specifically,   gingko may help preserve vision in age-related macular degeneration that ranks as the number one cause of blindness in the United States.

Gingko extract offers protection against oxidative cell or DNA damage caused by free radicals that confers its antioxidant properties.  Components in ginkgo leaves that function as antioxidants include, terpenoids, phytochemicals and flavonoids.  Its potent antioxidant function protects against reversible cell damage. It helps counteract free radicals in the brain, eyes, cardiovascular system and in the nerves. This helps the boosts ones health and longevity as the free radicals tend to build up with age posing a danger to the cells and genetic material as well.

Indeed, gingko plays a key role in the normal functioning of the body. It contains the lipid phospahtidylserine that is vital for the normal functioning of all the body cells.  It is mainly abundant in the brain thus contributing to gingko’s therapeutic effect on the brain. Lastly, ginkgo extract has role in management of anxiety and stress as it helps suppress the levels of corstisol in the body which is the main stress hormone in the body. Animal studies have shown that GBE inhibits monoamine oxidase that regulates biogenic amines in the brain. Therefore, exposure to the plant extract elevates the brain concentrations of serotonin, norepinephrine and other biogenic amines.

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Mullein Leaf

mullein leaves

Mullein plant is a medicinal herb that contains over 300 species.  The plant is native to Asia, Europe and North-Africa.  It was historically used as a therapeutic astringent and emollient. The flowers and leaves of the plant traditionally conferred analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, spasmolytic, astringent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant and wound healing functions.  Historically, the smoke from burning leaf was inhaled to relieve chest congestion. Mullein tea was taken as a sedative and pain-killer. Research later led to the discovery that mullein leaf comprises various chemical constituents such as saponins, iridoid, flavonoids, vitamin C, phenylethanoid glycosides and minerals that have continued to contribute  to  the therapeutic function of the mullein leaf.

One of the functions exhibited by mullein leaf extract is the fight of body invaders, specifically bacteria and some viruses. Researchers at Clemson University confirmed the antibacterial properties of mullein. In the year 2002, they reported that mullein leaf extracts are potent against some species of bacteria especially against klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, staphylococcus aureus and epidermidis that are commonly found on lungs and skin. In vitro studies have shown activity against viruses such as influenza and herpes simplex as well. Additionally, a study by “BMC Complementary  and Alternative Medicine” done in 2012 also exhibited  that mullein leaf extract is potent against parasites as it killed tape worms and round worms in vitro. Mullein also has ability to maintain appropriate cellular growth. In the same study, growth of tumors induced in potatoes was suppressed by mullein leaf extract. Unfortunately, activity against bacteria and parasites has not been tested on human beings.

A 2011 study by “Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine” showed that mullein leaf functions as an expectorant as it helps expel mucus from the lungs and throat. Additionally, it lubricates the lungs and throat membranes while reducing the swelling which helps alleviate the irritation.  Mullein contains approximately 3 % mucilage that helps in the soothing action of mullein on the body’s mucus membranes. On the other hand, mulleins saponins give mullein leaf the expectorant functions. According to the Maryland Medical Center the use of 3g of mullein herb daily is adequate for expectorate function. Mullein leaves improves lung congestion by stimulating the coughing up of phlegm. It can also be used to relieve lymphatic stagnancy. To achieve the effect it can either be used internally or applied eternally over the affected area.

Typically, free radicals containing oxygen and nitrogen species are the cause of various immune complications. Mullein leaves contain an extract with a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory that helps the body get rid of these harmful radicals (Mariassyova, 2006). Additionally, pain relieving and anti-inflammatory properties makes mullein leaf an essential compound in relieving joint pain. Homeopathic formulations containing fresh leaves are used to achieve a good effect.

Mullein leaves also confer a cosmetic function as they have been used in cosmetic preparations to soften and debride the skin. In addition, topical application of the poultice of the leaves enhances the wound healing process.  It helps in regeneration of the epidermis and deposition of connective tissue.  For instance, ointments prepared from the leaves are used for burn wounds .When used topically; it causes an irritating effect to the skin that dilates the capillaries thus increasing circulation to the area. This aids in its therapeutic wound healing abilities, thinning mucus that can readily be expelled. Good for ulcers, burns, tumors and piles as well.

However, it is worth noting that mullein is toxic in large doses. Nonetheless, its protective biochemical functions as an expectorant, demulcent, anti-viral and mild-diuretic, analgesic, antioxidant, antiviral, estrogenic and hypotonic functions make it a significant substance in herbal therapy.

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Are Supplements Regulated

federal supplements regulations

A Brief History of Supplement Regulation and Why It Matters

People frequently ask, “Are supplements regulated?” As a maker of and a user of nutritional supplements, it troubles me to think that people may not know the answer to this question, because the FDA does much to ensure the health and well-being of U.S. citizens.

For example, in 1994 congress passed the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA).  The purpose of this new law was, “To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to establish standards with respect to dietary supplements, and for other purposes.” DSHEA was the first time the federal government outlined what a supplement was. It was an important first step, because now the FDA had a definition that could separate a food from a supplement.  This gave the FDA something to regulate.

One of the regulations that DSHEA began to initiate was regulation of ingredients of dietary supplements. It determined that, “The dietary supplement contains only dietary ingredients which have been present in the food supply as an article used for food in a form in which the food has not been chemically altered.” In other words, reputable companies who produced dietary supplements with ingredients that were already in the diet did not have to produce new evidence for those ingredients.

Another provision for ingredients provided by DSHEA was, “There is a history of use or other evidence of safety establishing that the dietary ingredient when used under the conditions recommended or suggested in the labeling of the dietary supplement will reasonably be expected to be safe and, at least 75 days before being introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce, the manufacturer or distributor of the dietary ingredient or dietary supplement provides the Secretary with information, including any citation to published articles, which is the basis on which the manufacturer or distributor has concluded that a dietary supplement containing such dietary ingredient will reasonably be expected to be safe.”

Essentially, the new law had checks and balances—because at some point in the future the FDA was expected to create a series of new regulations just for dietary supplements. DSHEA had several other parts as well—ranging from how the ingredients were listed, to what advertising claims could and could not be made.

Now fast forward to 2001 when the FDA developed its next major regulation—the New Dietary Ingredient notification or NDI. This regulation required manufactures to notify the FDA a minimum of 75 days before selling a supplement, if that supplement contained an ingredient that was not on the market prior to 1994. While this regulation seemed good, it did cause a great deal of confusion because the FDA had not yet published a list of old dietary ingredients (ODI). It was up to the providers of ingredients to do the research and find out if an ingredient had been sold prior to 1994 or face penalties. The law stated:

“The term “new dietary ingredient” means a dietary ingredient that was not marketed in the United States in a dietary supplement before October 15, 1994. (See section 413(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), 21 U.S.C. 350b(d)). There is no authoritative list of dietary ingredients that were marketed in dietary supplements before October 15, 1994. Therefore, manufacturers and distributors (you) are responsible for determining if an ingredient is a “new dietary ingredient” and, if not, for documenting either that a dietary supplement that contained the dietary ingredient was marketed before October 15, 1994, or that the dietary ingredient was marketed for use in dietary supplements before that date.”

To further complicate things, the FDA had the right to reject an NDI if it determined that a risk to consumers was possible. Needless to say, manufacturers made great efforts to ensure that their products didn’t have NDIs that had not been filed with the FDA.

Finally, in 2007 the FDA released the regulation we had been waiting for—the cGMPs. These new regulations initiated guidelines for manufacturers to follow regarding how supplements are made and further defined what could be said on a dietary supplement label. One of the main objectives of the cGMP for supplements was to give the FDA the tools needed to ensure that consumers were getting what a manufacturer claimed on the label. In addition, the cGMPs outlined that raw material identity must be tested and known before the ingredient could be used in a finished product. Then, the finished product was to be regularly tested to ensure that identity and potencies match labels claims.

As the FDA worked with manufacturers of dietary supplements to ensure compliance with the new regulations, it soon became apparent that a division would not be sufficient to oversee the mounting work. So, in December of 2015 the FDA announced the formation of a new office called Office of Dietary Supplement Programs. This office’s mandate is to ensure enforcement with all regulations applying to dietary supplements and the public safety of those supplements.

In conclusion, this brief history of the regulation of dietary supplements demonstrates how the FDA has been very proactive in protecting consumers and providing guidelines that have been flexible over time as needed. However, it is also apparent that reputable dietary supplement companies have been in the forefront in not only complying with these regulations—but also far exceeding them with extra diligence and care for our customers.

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Quercetin

Quercetin

Quercetin

Quercetin refers to a water soluble bioflavonoid found in fruits, vegetables, and grains. Highest levels are found in onions and apples. Just like other elements in the bioflavonoid family, quercetin has anti-oxidant, pain management and  regulation of  appropriate cell growth. It therefore has role in modulating and regulating inflammatory processes in the body as well as immune supporting activity.

Being a flavonoid, quercetin scavenges for free radicals that harm the body cells by causing cell membrane damage, tampering with DNA and ultimately resulting in cell death. According to Researchers from the Linus Pauling Institute at the University of Oregon , the antioxidant potency of a flavonoid is dependent upon  its molecular structure. Quercetin having all the necessary structural features makes it one of the most powerful antioxidants. Besides, antioxidants fix damaged molecules by inhibiting metal radical production that provides a “shield effect”. Also, stimulates gene expression and the production of more endogenous antioxidants.

Quercetin provides an immune supporting activity by acting mainly on leucocytes and targeting the various intracellular signaling kinases, phosphatases and membrane proteins that ate often crucial for specific cellular functions. Quercetin counteracts inflammation and minimizes hypersensitivity due to its ability to stabilize histamine releasing cells. Histamine stabilization occurs due to quercetin’s ability to prevent the histamines to attach to and irritate the body cells. These counteract allergic reactions by the body such as sneezing or itching. Additionally, laboratory studies have also shown that quercetin counteracts the effects of IgE mediated reactions.

Quercetin also, inhibits the production of enzymes  such as cyclo-oxygenase(COX) and lipooxygenase(LOX).  It limits LPS-induced inflammation through the inhibition of Src- and Syk-mediated phosphatidylinositol-3-Kinase(PI3K)-(p85), tyrosine phosphorylation. Besides, quercetin confers an immunosuppressive effect on dendritic cell function. It also possesses mast cell stabilizing and confers gastrointestinal cytoprotective activity.

Dietary flavonoids also reduce the hardening of vessels .According to a report by the university of Maryland Medical Center; quercetin prevents the buildup of plaques in arteries and improves endothelial function.  In addition, quercetin counteracts Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) which is the bad cholesterol. A study among overweight subjects has shown that quercetin reduced their LDL concentrations. Besides, Quercetin plays a role in the regulation of body’s blood pressure. According to a research by Advances in Nutrition Group, quercetin has the potential to lower blood pressure in individuals who are hypertensive.

Flavonoids also regulate optimal cellular growth due to its antioxidant and antimutagenic property. Several In vitro studies have shown that quercetin inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), macrophage production and LPS-induced Il-8 production in the lung A549 cells. A combination with vitamin c (ascorbic acid) potentiates its antimutagenic activity. The antimutagenic activity was associated with free radical scavenging activity. Ability to induce apoptosis and change the expression of the apoptotic protein also helps in counteracting unwanted multiplication of cells.

Quercetin also increases endurance and thereby improving athletic performance. As per a 2012 study by the Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, non-professional athletes, who used quercetin-vitamin C supplements coupled with regular exercise, showed a decreased oxidative stress and decreased inflammatory biomarkers.

Quercetin has the ability to inhibit unnecessary oxidation coupled with regulation of inflammatory processes that reduce swellings in body organs.. A report in the 2008 issue of the “Journal of Pre-Clinical and clinical research” (JPCCR) delineates the action of quercetin in relieving joint pain within a period of 2 to 3 days. On the other hand, the University of Maryland Medical Center in vitro studies have shown that quercetin prevents the release of histamines.

Quercetin is also available in supplement form whereby it is packaged with bromelain, a pineapple derived enzyme since both have anti-inflammatory properties. Though quercetin is available in form of dietary supplement, the American Cancer Society recommends intake through food sources because such sources contain other necessary vitamins and minerals that work augments quercetin’s activity. The dosage of quercetin ranges from 12.5 to 25 mg per kilogram body weight.

 

 

Product Name: Quercetin    

Test Type: Identification and Purity

Country of Origin: China

  Test Method:  Standard
Test Type: Microbiology  

Yeast & Mold
E. Coli
Salmonella

Test Method: CP2010
Test Type: Chemical Heavy Metals
Lead
Cadmium
Arsenic
Mercury
Test Method:  AAS

Quercetin Source

Beijing China

Quercetin Source: Beijing China

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The Importance of Omega Fatty Acids

chia seed omega 3

The Importance of Omega Fatty Acids

One of the most popular supplements currently is Omega 3, but what is Omega 3? An omega 3 is an essential fatty acid which is a type of fat that must be obtained from the diet. Another essential fatty acid is omega 6, but does not receive the attention of its counterpart. So why does everyone talk about Omega 3 and not Omega 6?

We get plenty of Omega 6 in our diets, but we are deficient in Omega 3. The optimal ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3 is approximately 1:1, which is what our ancestors from their diets. The typical diet today gives us a ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3 anywhere from 10:1 to 25:1. This out of balance ratio can lead to health issues including but not limited to our cardiovascular (heart and circulation) system (1,2,3,4). But what are the best sources of Omega 3’s from our diet or through supplements?

The best way to get Omega 3s in our diet is from fish, marine algae and seeds. I would like to talk about one source of vegetarian/vegan Omega 3 in particular, which is the chia seed. Chia is one of the highest plant sources of Omega 3 and has been consumed for centuries. There are two types of chia seeds, black and white, and both are almost identical in their nutritional content. Chia is very high in a certain type of Omega 3 called alpha linolenic acid (ALA).

Alpha linolenic acid is one of the three important elements of Omega 3s, the other two are docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Alpha linolenic acid from chia seed has been shown to convert to both DHA and EPA to give the body what it needs (5,6,7,8). There are many different benefits of Omega 3, but two of the major benefits are for cardiovascular and brain health.

Omega 3 and ALA have been shown to be beneficial for cardiovascular health and stroke related issues. Heart disease and stroke were two of the world’s leading causes of death in 2015 and have been the leading causes of death for the last 15 years worldwide. The recommended intake of ALA is 1.5-3g per day (9,10,11,12).

Omega 3s are essential for development and proper functioning of the brain (13) and omega 3s may be beneficial for mood related issues (14) as well as issues with learning (15). Alpha linolenic acid appears to have neuroprotective properties (16) as well as the alpha linolenic acid from chia is shown to be able to provide adequate levels of DHA for the adult brain (8).

If you choose to supplement with an Omega 3 supplement and are looking for a vegetarian/vegan option, consider trying chia seed oil either by itself or in combination with another plant source of Omega 3, such as algae.

 

  1. Simopoulos AP. The importance of the ratio of Omega-6/Omega-3 essential fatty acids
    Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. Volume 56, Issue 8, October 2002, Pages 365-379
  2. Simopoulos AP. Evolutionary aspects of diet, the Omega-6/Omega-3 ratio and genetic variation: nutritional implications for chronic diseases. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. Volume 60, Issue 9, November 2006, Pages 502-507
  3. Simopoulos AP. Omega-3 fatty acids in health and disease and in growth and development.
    Am J Clin Nutr September Vol. 54 no. 3 438-463
  4. Simopoulos AP. The Importance of the Omega-6/Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio in Cardiovascular Disease and Other Chronic Diseases. Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol 233, Issue 6, 2008
  5. Nieman DC1, et al. Chia seed supplementation and disease risk factors in overweight women: a metabolomics investigation. J Altern Complement Med. 2012 Jul;18(7):700-8
  6. Jin F, et al. Supplementation of milled chia seeds increases plasma ALA and EPA in postmenopausal women. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2012 Jun;67(2):105-10
  7. Valenzuela R, et al. Modification of Docosahexaenoic Acid Composition of Milk from Nursing Women Who Received Alpha Linolenic Acid from Chia Oil during Gestation and Nursing. Nutrients. 2015 Aug 4;7(8):6405-24
  8. Domenichiello AF1, Kitson AP1, Bazinet RP2. Is docosahexaenoic acid synthesis from α-linolenic acid sufficient to supply the adult brain? Prog Lipid Res. 2015 Jul;59:54-66
  9. Nestel P, et al. Indications for Omega-3 Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid in the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease. Heart Lung Circ. 2015 Aug;24(8):769-79. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25936871
  10. Hadjighassem M, et al. Oral consumption of α-linolenic acid increases serum BDNF levels in healthy adult humans. Nutr J. 2015 Feb 26;14:20. doi: 10.1186/s12937-015-0012-5.
  11. Etherton PM, Harris WS, Appel LJ. Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease
    New Recommendations From the American Heart Association. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. February 2003, Volume 23, Issue 2
  12. World Health Organization. The top 10 cases of death. Fact Sheet. Updated Jan 2017. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs310/en/
  13. Innis SM
  14. Sinclair AJ, Begg D, Mathai M and Weisinger RS. Omega 3 Fatty Acids and the Brain: Review of Studies in Depression
  15. Stevens LJ, Zentall SS, Abate ML, Kuczek T and Burges JR. Omega-3 fatty acids in boys with behavior, learning, and health problems. Physiology & Behavior
  16. Blondeau N1, et al. Alpha-linolenic acid: an omega-3 fatty acid with neuroprotective properties-ready for use in the stroke clinic? Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:519830.Epub 2015 Feb 19. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25789320

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MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane)

MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane)

Dr. Stanley Jacob and Dr. Robert Herschler, chemists with the pulp and paper plant Crown Zellerbach Corporation, were asked to find a use for lignin, one of the primary waste products of the plant. Oxidation of lignin in a reactor was shown to result in the formation of DMSO (Dimethylsulfoxide), a natural, organic form of sulfur. Oxidation of DMSO was found to produce MSM, a much more stable, organic sulfur compound with medicinal properties.

MSM is found in protein-rich foods such as eggs, meat, poultry, fish, and legumes. Other good sources include garlic, onions, Brussels sprouts, asparagus, kale, and wheat germ. It enhances the activity of cortisol, a natural anti-inflammatory hormone produced by the body. MSM improves the permeability of cell membranes, which improves the uptake of nutrients and many vitamins and the elimination of waste products and excess cellular fluids. MSM dilates blood vessels, enhancing the blood circulation which also helps to eliminate waste products from the body and speeds up healing. MSM is a muscle relaxant. This is an important and often overlooked benefit of MSM.

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Product Name: Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM)  

Test Type: Identification and Purity

Country of Origin: China

  Test Method: USP
Test Type: Microbiology  

Yeast & Mold
Salmonella

Test Method: USP
Test Type: Chemical Lead
DMSO Free
Test Method: USP

MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) Source

China

MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) Beijing, China

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Office Fax: 1-423-881-3214 
EMail: lifelinefoods@lifelinefoods.com

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Mailing Address
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Phytoceramides

Phytoceramides

Phytoceramides are the plant-derived equivalent of ceramides, a lipid that keeps your skin hydrated and plump. They are fats that occur naturally throughout the body, including the scalp, bones and skin. Ceramides are like the ‘mortar’ that holds your skin together. Phytoceramides are plant-derived molecules that allow you to replace lost ceramides, from the inside out, giving structure back to skin, which lets you fill in wrinkles and fine lines. Ceramides are a family of waxy lipid molecules. Ceramides are composed of sphingosine and a fatty acid. Ceramides are found in high concentrations within the cell membrane of cells.

They are one of the component lipids that make up sphingomyelin. This is one of the major lipids in the lipid bilayer. Contrary to previous assumptions that ceramides and other sphingolipids found in cell membrane were believed to be purely structural elements, ceramide can participate in a variety of cellular signaling: examples include regulating differentiation, proliferation, and programmed cell death (PCD) of cells. Simply put, ceramides help to keep our skin healthy and looking good by maintaining the correct moisture balance.

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Product Name: Oryza Ceramide    

Test Type: Identification and Purity

Country of Origin:  Japan

Composition: Rice extract, Cyclodextrin

  Test Method: Standard
Test Type: Microbiology  Molds & Yeast Test Method: Standard
Test Type: Chemical Heavy Metals
Lead
Arsenic
 Test Method: Standard

Phytoceramide Source

Japan

Source of Phytoceramides: Ichinomiya, Aichi, Japan

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Selenium

selenium mineral supplement

Selenium

Selenium was discovered as an element in 1817 by the Swedish chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius, who determined the atomic weights of many elements and developed a system of chemical symbols. Selenium is one of the essential nutrients for humans. Without it the heart, joints, eyes, immune system and reproductive system can suffer. Yet humans only need to eat a trace amount of selenium every day, about 55 micrograms.

Brazil nuts, seafood and organ meats are amount the richest dietary sources of selenium. The amount of selenium found in plant foods depends on the amount of it present in the soil were the plant was grown.

Selenium is an essential mineral found in small amounts in the body. It works as an antioxidant, especially when combined with vitamin E. Antioxidants like selenium help fight damaging particles in the body known as free radicals. Free radicals can damage cell membranes and DNA, and may contribute to aging and health conditions, including heart disease and cancer. Antioxidants can neutralize free radicals and may reduce or even help prevent some of the damage they cause.

Selenium plays a role in thyroid function. Your immune system also needs selenium to work properly.

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Product Name:  SE Chelate    

Test Type: Identification and Purity

Country of Origin: USA

   
Test Type: Microbiology  

Yeast & Mold
Salmonella

 Test Method:  AOAC
Test Type: Chemical Heavy Metals
Lead
Cadmium
Arsenic
Mercury
 Test Method: ICP-MS

Selenium Source

Pikeville, TN

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Office Fax: 1-423-881-3214 
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Mailing Address
Buried Treasure
PO Box 949
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Biotin

biotin supplements for thicker beautiful hair

Biotin

Biotin also known as vitamin H is a water-soluble B-vitamin, specifically referred to as vitamin B-7. Biotin serves as a coenzyme in the human body, which means it assists in carrying out necessary biochemical processes like carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism. All B vitamins help the body to convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), which is used to produce energy. These B vitamins, often referred to as B complex vitamins, also help the body metabolize fats and protein. B complex vitamins are needed for healthy skin, hair, eyes and liver. They also help the nervous system function properly.

Our body needs biotin to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and amino acids, the building blocks of protein. Biotin is often recommended for strengthening hair and nails, and it’s found in many cosmetic products for hair and skin. Because it is water soluble the body does not store it.

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Product Name: Biotin Vitamin H    

Test Type: Identification and Purity

Country of Origin: China

  Test Method: Standard
Test Type: Microbiology  

Yeast & Mold
Salmonella

 Test Method: AOAC
Test Type: Chemical  N/A  

Biotin Source

China

Source of Biotin:  Xinchang, China

Contact
Office Phone: 1-800-216-3231
Office Fax: 1-423-881-3214 
EMail: lifelinefoods@lifelinefoods.com

Office Hours
Monday – Thursday
8:00 am – 5:00 pm cst

Mailing Address
Buried Treasure
PO Box 949
Pikeville, TN 37367

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